Ubuntu Customization Guide v2

Ubuntu Customization Guide v2


Changes are part of Nature so as with Technology.. Though this cannot be True for Windows and Mac cause the life cycle of a single Version is too much which is not the case with Linux.. Open Source evolve at very rapid rate and with evolution comes new & special changes … Today with a hike in Linux acceptance its pretty hard for competitors to provide similar solutions at free of cost. Open Source is known for User Interaction with Operating System which cannot be done with other OS. Linux user can customize, create, edit, add files according to his/her taste..and customization is the part where Linux is one step ahead of every OS.. You need not to search for poorly written Customization Packs.. What you need is just follow the guide and pimp up your desktop as you like. .. The guide will focus on a particular area but you can customize your desktop using the way mentioned and adding your own idea…
With Gusty Gibbon packed with latest tools and great support couple with new gGun Gnome 2.20, I was adamant to write another Customization Guide..Since M$ launched Vista and Apple launched Leopard quite a while ago so I’ll let you know how to customize your Ubuntu to Vista and Leopard.. Added with few new Customization that I used it…
I have tried to kept the guide as simple as I can so that even a newbie can understand how to make changes.There are few major changes in Ubuntu Themes and Icon Control Panel so please read carefully so that you can get everything..

Points to Ponder

This guide will let you pimp you Ubuntu latest Gusty Gibbon i.e Ubuntu 7.10 . If you don’t know how to get Ubuntu the head towards Ubuntu download and download a copy today which suits best your system.. There you will will be prompted to choose location and system type. After downloading, burn the image and boot through it and Install Ubuntu in 6 easy steps…

โ€œThe themes icon set , wallpaper ,desklets, fonts ,sounds
used while customization the Operating System are ยฎ to their
respective owner. Copying, editing and use of those
application are free and can be distributed without
the owner permission.โ€

Though I had used few Icon Links and themes , but this does not meant that your are confined to those only .. You can always use your own choice themes and icons from Gnome-Look.org..

Note: Though this guide has been made to customize Ubuntu Gusty Gibbon but this can be used to Customize other OS which comes with Gnome 2.20 installed/optional..Though installation of particular software can be different.
So hold your breath and go through the complex customization made easy.. Read the rest of this entry »

Linux Mint 4.0 Daryna Preview!

The Linux Mint developers continue their success with a brand new version of their free operating system, Linux Mint 4.0, codename Daryna. Being based on Celena and compatible with the Ubuntu Gutsy repositories, Daryna brings many new software and tools, such as:

  • Linux kernel 2.6.22
  • GNOME 2.20.0
  • OpenOffice.org Suite 2.3.0
  • Mozilla Thunderbird 2.0

Other highlights of this release include:

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Major Linux Distros Shootout..

*Major Linux Distros Shootout..*
Mandriva 08 v/s Ubuntu Gusty Gibbon v/s open SUSE 10.3 v/s Sabayon 3.4

Today with increasing awareness of Linux Operating System and Open Source Software developers around the world are now taking the challenge to the next level. Linux is the operating system which evolve with a great speed. Linux is a Unix based operating system which is known for optimum stability and security even in low end systems.A Linux operating system has a life span of minimum of 6 months though the Operating system is supported through updates and security patches for a fixed period of time. Linux is the only operating system which has shown great development in terms of UI and over all User Experience. While this is not in case of Windows and Mac OSX. Though they has also shown tremendous development but the base remains same. Well today we got lots of option of Operating System in Open Source World. So now I’ll review 4 of the latest and most promising distross namely Ubuntu 7.10[Gusty Gibbon], open SUSE 10.3, Mandriva One 2008 and Sabayon 3.4 Mini Edition . Before we take a view on those let me clarify on what factors a Linux distross is Distinguished.

  • Desktop Environment : Desktop Environment is the GUI software which provide better experience for end user.In Linux we get many types of Desktop Environment which are made to suite the System Specification . Like for low end system there is diff. DE and for high end there are other options . There are mainly 4 Desktop Environment namely KDE, Gnome, XFCE, FluxBox .. KDE and Gnome are quite advanced Desktop Environments meant for system with more than 128 Mb of Ram .. While XFCE and Flux box are low end Desktop Environments are for low end systems.
  • Package Based : As you must be aware that there are packages in which software comes. There are lots of package manager in Linux .. Like one can notice packages like .rar and .exe and more in Windows same the case with Linux. Manly there are 3 packages in which Distros are based i.e. .deb[ Debian], .rpm [Red hat Package Manager], .tar.gz [ A .rar replacement in Linux].. Most of the distross today comes with .deb and .rpm based pakage manager.
  • Distribution Based : Today developers instead of creating whole distros environment create distros based on a Stable and Secure distros. Like in Linux world there are 3 Most stable and old distros.. Debian , Gentoo , Red Hat aka Fedora. Most of the distros out there are based on the platform of these like Ubuntu based on Debain, Sabayon based on Gentoo, Mandriva based on Mandrake. Well some of these distross perform even better on what they are based on !

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Compiz 0.6.2: The Daylight!

As Danny Baumann promised on the 0.6.0 announcement of Compiz, here is another Compiz release, version 0.6.2, which fixes a problem that could allow stacking desktop windows over normal windows the moment they are mapped. This could result in normal windows and/or panels not being visible when compiz is launched with the Gnome or KDE session, until the desktop window is restacked once. Among the highlights of this release, we can notice fixes and improvements such as:

  • Support for automatically starting one decorator per screen;
  • Newly created windows are placed on top of the stack first, which is not desired for some windows that may be denied focus (such as desktop windows);
  • glGetString is allowed to return NULL in case an error happened, so avoid crashing in this case and bail out instead;
  • Fix handling of ConfigureRequest events with CWStackMode set, but without CWSibling set;
  • Correct handling of grab window in case it is destroyed;
  • Fix findLowestSiblingBelow function for desktop windows;
  • Use client message timestamp rather than window user time when processing focus stealing prevention on _NET_ACTIVE_WINDOW messages;
  • Update saved window coordinates when the window is resized by some client;
  • All coordinates that match the server coordinates from the configure request mask to make sure a synthetic configure notify event is sent whenever needed, were cleared;
  • Prevent wobbling when shading maximized windows;
  • Fix in-viewport calculation;
  • Now uses real screen number rather than 0;
  • Get private pointer for the current screen;
  • Run external commands with a DISPLAY string adjusted for the screen number that was passed to runCommand;
  • putenv doesn’t work properly with dynamically allocated strings that are freed right after the putenv call.

Download : [compiz] [ANNOUNCE] compiz-0.6.2

Compiz 0.6.0 Sees The Daylight!

A new Compiz release was created by Danny Baumann, Compiz’s main developer. Its release was announced yesterday and the newversion is 0.6.0.

Since the 0.4.0 release some big changes have occurred. A better support for multiple X-screens was implemented and an extensible logging framework was born. Some major improvements to option initialization based on the new meta-data system (which uses XML as its basis) appeared. This fresh meta-data system will handle different meta-data types, like plugin description, default option values and more.

Now the plugins have their own plugins that make the adjusting and extending the behavior of existing ones possible. The more dynamic handling of the output devices now allows the output device’s configuration to be changed between frames.

The Cube plugin for Compiz 0.6.0 has some new additions, like transparency and basic background support and the non-power-of-two skydome textures are now supported. Other plugins now have introspection, or offer the user multiple modes of resize drawing and the place plugin now supports multiple placement modes. Some new plugins were added since 0.4.0, like Glib, Ini, Fs (FUSE plugin) etc.

Gtk-window-decorator now allows the user to configure the button layout in metacity themes and lets him change the actions of middle and right mouse button. For kde-window-decorator was added UTF-8 support for window titles and a fixed display of maximized windows.

Danny Baumann discovered that this release, 0.6.0, contains a problem which could allow stacking desktop windows over normal windows at the moment when they are mapped. This could result in normal windows and/or panels not being visible when compiz is launched with the Gnome or KDE session until the desktop window is restacked once. This could be done by clicking on it, if the “Raise on click”option is enabled.

Baumann promises he will release a 0.6.2 version as soon as possible to fix the problem.

Download : http://xorg.freedesktop.org/archive/…z-0.6.0.tar.gz
Source : [compiz] [ANNOUNCE] compiz-0.6.0

Compiz Will Be Shipped with Ubuntu Linux 7.10

Yesterday, the Ubuntu Technical Board voted for shipping Ubuntu 7.10 (“Gutsy”) with Compiz enabled by default. There were some difficulties in taking this decision, since the Technical Board had to determine if it’s reliable and fully functional.

The compositing window manager Compiz includes a number of sophisticated visual effects as transparency, desktop zooming, shadows etc. The inclusion of a compositing window manager was planned at first for Ubuntu 7.04, but it was delayed because the software wasn’t developed enough.

Although Compiz will be enabled by default, there are still some technical problems that need fixing, such as drivers that don’t meet the requirements of all the visual effects. These are the most serious problems that appear when running Compiz, but there are some related to the underlying components of Xorg. One of the best known issues is that which affects the Intel drivers, problem that can only be solved by using the EXA accelerated rendering framework which isn’t completed yet. It seems that Intel are working at a slow pace, because they consider that composite window managers won’t be ready for rolling out until the EXA framework is stable enough.

The EXA problem could be fixed, but most of the Xorg developers are focusing on more critical issues, considering that this is a low priority for the X community. Technical Board member Matthew Garrett said: ”

The general feeling in the X community is pretty much that Compiz is not of high quality…The technical aspects of a composited desktop are interesting, but there are more fundamental issues that people want to fix first. People want to get X up to the Win2K level before trying to match Vista.

The Ubuntu Technical Board also thought about the users’ feedback, and how they would respond to their decisions. When the voting was made, all the participants voted in favor of the inclusion, the only one against it being Garrett, who wanted to fix the critical problems before including Compiz in the Ubuntu 7.10 edition.

How to:Compiz Fusion on Ubuntu 7.04.

download.png Here is a guide for all those peeps who are willing to install Compiz Fuison on Ubuntu. This Guide is based on the latest ver. of Compiz Fusion based on Amarnath Repo./Trevino Repo. Both these Repo. Contains the latest ver. of Compiz Fusion which stable then previous ver. and has all the plugins that you need ๐Ÿ™‚

Note : To install this ver. you must un-install previous ver. of 3d Desktop manager Like Compiz,Beryl or Compiz Fusion[early ver.]

To remove Beryl Type this

sudo apt-get remove beryl

To remove previous ver. of Compiz Fusion type this

sudo apt-get –purge remove compiz* libcompizconfig*

First add Amaranth’s repository: To add repo. Just Open the terminal and type this:-

gkudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

A editor/notepad will open and add this line in the end of it :-

deb http://ppa.dogfood.launchpad.net/amaranth/ubuntu feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ppa.dogfood.launchpad.net/amaranth/ubuntu feisty main restricted universe multiverse

Now Since you have successfully added Repo. Save it and close it ๐Ÿ™‚

Now come back to Terminal and type this : –

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get dist-upgrade && sudo apt-get install compiz compizconfig-settings-manager

Now you have successfully installed compiz fusion. Some of the people will be thinking of having a comiz fusion icon in Task bar /Panel. for ease of use ;)So download the .deb file and simple install it by double clicking it:)


Now you have added icon and installed Compiz Fusion .

Time to rock .. To Open Compiz Fusion Click on Main Menu -> System Tools -> Compiz Icon or press ALT + F2

Type the following if you want :–

  • Compiz Fusion with Panel Icon


  • Compiz Fusion without panel icon

compiz –replace

To Know the shortcuts of Compiz Fusion open the Compiz Fusion Manager simple by right clicking on Compiz Fusion Panel Icon and seleting “Settings Manager“.. Enable , Disable the things you want and happy Tuxing ๐Ÿ˜‰

Some quick tricks:

  • Hold CTRL + ALT keys and with the left mouse button rotate the cube
  • Super + E activates the Expo plugin
  • Hold Super + Shift and with your mouse paint fire on your desktop
  • Super + Shift + C will erase the fire paint
  • Super + Tab activates the Ring Switcher plugin

Here is My Compiz Fusion Desktop Screenshots ๐Ÿ™‚

Trevino Repo.

1’st do this in Terminal


sudo gedit /etc/apt/source.list

Add these lines at the end

deb http://download.tuxfamily.org/3v1deb feisty eyecandy
deb-src http://download.tuxfamily.org/3v1deb feisty eyecandy

Save the editor and type this in Terminal Make sure you had save those lines in the editor

sudo wget http://download.tuxfamily.org/3v1deb/DD800CD9.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add –

Then to make yourself safe run an update for the system

sudo apt-get update

Now make sure you have removed Compiz Fusion earlier ver. To do this

sudo apt-get remove compiz-core desktop-effects

and search Synaptic Manager for remaining and remove it.After you are done and confirmed that you have nothing installed of previous Cf then do this in Terminal

sudo apt-get install compiz # compiz-gnome AND/OR compiz-kde
sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager # compizconfig-backends-* ?!
sudo apt-get install compiz-fusion-*

Here are the screenshot of CF using the following repo